# Chapter 1, Problem 1RQ

### Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305079243

Chapter
Section

### Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305079243

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

To determine: The difference between the terms law and theory.

Law is defined as a set of rules whereas theory is an investigative structure intended to clarify an arrangement.

Explanation

Explanation:

Law - Law can be defined as an arrangement of rules and regulations that are enforced upon through a group of organizations. It is very instrumental in shaping the politics, economy and the society in many ways. It behaves as an important mediator in the relation among people.

Theory - A theory is generally defined as an investigative structure intended to clarify an arrangement of perceptions. It mainly does two things:

1. Distinguishes the arrangement of particular perception as a class of processes.
2. Makes statements about the basic reality that leads to or influences this class.
Conclusion

Conclusion:

Law is the set of rules where as theory is an investigative structure intended to clarify an arrangement

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

To determine: The difference between the terms theory and experiment.

Theory is an investigative structure intended to clarify an arrangement and Experiment is the strategy for researching causal connections among factors.

Explanation

Explanation:

Theory - A theory is generally defined as an investigative structure intended to clarify an arrangement of perceptions. It mainly does two things:

1. Distinguishes the arrangement of particular perception as a class of processes.
2. Makes statements about the basic reality that leads to or influences this class.

Experiment - An experiment is a strategy for research on causal connections among various factors. It is an important quality of the factual approach towards the acquiring of data relating to the world. It finds its usage in both the social sciences as well as the natural sciences. Its usage in solving practical problems and in supporting certain theoretical assumptions is one of its important characteristics.

Conclusion

Conclusion:

Theory is an investigative structure intended to clarify an arrangement while an experiment is a strategy for research on causal connections among various factors.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

To determine: The difference between the terms qualitative and quantitative.

Qualitative is relative with the subjective nature of a thing whereas Quantitative relates to the amount of a substance.

Explanation

Explanation:

Qualitative - This relates to the subjective nature of a thing or marvel, for example, feel, taste, mastery, picture, administration, notoriety. It does not involve the specification of number.

Quantitative - This relates to the target nature of a thing or wonder that is quantifiable and certain, for example, lightness or heaviness, taller or shorter, and thickness or slimness. The specification of number is involved in this case.

Conclusion

Conclusion:

The term qualitative relates to the subjective nature of a thing where as the term quantitative is related to the amount of a substance.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

To determine: The difference between the terms hypothesis and theory.

Hypothesis is a presumption whereas a theory is verified.

Explanation

Explanation:

Hypothesis - Hypothesis consists of several presumptions that are not verified or formulated. Since it is based on presumptions, this may or may not be true.

Theory – An assembly of hypothesis that is verified and formulated is known as a theory.

Conclusion

Conclusion:

Hypothesis is a presumption where as a theory is verified fact. A hypothesis may or may not be true but a theory is always correct

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