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Chapter 1.1, Problem 1LO

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Research Methods for the Behaviora...

6th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337613316

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Research Methods for the Behaviora...

6th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337613316
To determine

Compare and differentiate the non-scientific methods for acquiring knowledge. Identify an example and explain the limitation of each method.

Answer

Solution: Scientific method means a stepped and logically fixed process for acquiring knowledge and understanding knowledge. The method of acquiring knowledge which is not scientific is termed as non-scientific.

Explanation

The non-scientific method does not have logically set procedures. The non-scientific ways of obtaining knowledge are explained as under -

  • Tenacity − Tenacity means what has been true in the past holds firmly to the belief and is expressed as “it has always been so”.
  • Intuition − Intuition means that something which just stands to reason. It involves use of rational processes with the experience benefit.
  • Authority − Authority means the process of established belief based on the prominent source.
  • Rational Method − It states that truth is intellectual. The process of rational decision making involves the consideration to all factors which are affected.
  • Empirical Method − It is a method wherein knowledge is acquired through one’s own experience and learning.

Example of non-scientific method to acquire knowledge is the speeches of the politicians − Authority.

Limitations of each method −

  • Tenacity − It does not support evaluation.
  • Intuition − It means belief from within. Belief is unsupported by objective evidences.
  • Authority − The established belief on which it is based may be wrong.
  • Rational Method − It can construct logical arguments for both sides of debate. Hence, it cannot be completely relied upon.
  • Empirical Method − While using this method, it is difficult to be an objective observer.

Conclusion: The various non-scientific methods of knowledge acquisition are thus explained.

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